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Marais toka pande zote za dunia na watu mashuhuri na maarufu duniani wahudhuria mazishi ya Shujaa wa Dunia Nelson Mandela

Written By JEDDY on Tuesday, December 10, 2013 | 4:25 PM

Yanayojili Afrika ya Kusini kwenye msiba wa Nelson Mandela:  Barack Obama na mkewe,  David Cameroon, Rais wa Pakstani, Waziri Mkuu wa Italy, Rais wa Zamani wa Ufaransa Nicolas Sarkozy, Rais wa sasa hivi wa Ufaransa Francois Hollande, Former President of Ireland Mary Robinson, Former British Prime Ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and Sir John Major, Kofi Annan, Katibu Mkuu wa Umoja wa Mataifa Ban Ki-Moon, Gordon Brown na mkewe Sarah, Marais wote wa Marekani Bill Clinton na mkewe Hillary Clinton, Jimmy Carter, George Bush na mkewe Laura Bush,  Rais wa Cuba Raul Castro, Rais wa Brazil Dilma Rousseff, Naomi Campbell, FW de Klerk, Henry Kissinger, Marais wa Afrika, watu mashuhuri duniani na Marais wengine toka pande zote za dunia wakiwa Afrika ya kusini kuomboleza Kifo cha shujaa wa Dunia Nelson Mandela (click Read more) kwa picha zaidi
 Sombre occasion: Members of Nelson Mandela's family take their seats amid heavy rain ahead of
his memorial service at the FNB Stadium in Soweto, near Johannesburg
 fitting setting: A general view of the arena which was the location of Mr Mandela's first speech in Johannesburg after he was released from prison in 1990
 Popular: America's first black president received a huge ovation as he made his way to the platform to deliver a eulogy to the anti-apartheid hero
 Prominent role: U.S. President Barack Obama, who will deliver a eulogy at the service, is joined by First Lady Michelle (right)
President Barack Obama shakes hands with Cuban President Raul Castro during the official memorial service for former South African President Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg today
Associates: Jimmy Carter, Kofi Annan and Henry Kissinger arrived at the memorial service together
 
Emotional: Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (left) and Graca Machel (right) fight back tears as moving tributes to Mr Mandela are read out
 Close: The two women refer to each other as 'sisters' even though they were both married to the same man
Key role: Cuban President Raul Castro Ruz arrives for the memorial service where he is due to give a speech
 Mutual respect: President Obama speaks to Nelson Mandela's widow Graca Machel during the memorial service
Eulogy: U.S. President Barack Obama delivers his speech at the memorial service for Nelson Mandela at the FNB soccer stadium in Johannesburg
Giving his condolences: President Obama kisses Nelson Mandela's widow Graca Machel during the memorial service
'He has done it again... people from all walks of life, all here, united': UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon pays tribute to Mr Mandela
Front-row seats: Chelsea Clinton sits with her parents former president Bill and Hillary Clinton at the memorial service in Johannesburg as George W and Laura Bush look on
 Two very different receptions: Mr Obama, who was greeted with prolonged applause, embraces South African president Jacob Zuma, who was loudly booed
Support: Gordon Brown, who paid tribute to Mandela in the Commons yesterday, with his wife Sarah and George W. Bush
Clintons: The ex-President and the former Secretary of State arrived separately but were seen leaving together
Leaving: Mr Obama waves to the camera as he walks out of the ceremony with the First Lady
Former U.S. president Jimmy Carter (far right) sat separately from the other former presidents at the official memorial service in Johannesburg, South Africa
Obama also greeted Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff who has clashed with the US President over NSA spying allegations
Small steps: Cuban President Raul Castro Ruz, right, watches President Obama following his speech at the memorial service
 President Barrack Obama greets the crowd who stood for hours in torrential rain to say goodbye to their beloved Madiba
Obama waves as he arrives to speak to crowds attending the memorial service for former South African president Nelson Mandela at the FNB Stadium in Soweto near Johannesburg
Obama greets Cuban President Raul Castro before giving his speech at the memorial service, an unprecedented gesture between the leaders of two nations which have been at loggerheads for more than half a century

Special relationships: Bill Clinton speaks to former British prime minister Tony Blair (left) while George W Bush has a few words with former British PM Gordon Brown and his wife Sarah (right) 
 Cheers: When America's first couple flashed up on screen the crowd roared their approval of the U.S.'s first black President
 Tough conditions: Mr Obama was delayed because his motorcade struggled through the rain-soaked route to the World Cup stadium
 Relatives: Mr Mandela's ex-wife Winnie Mandela Madikizela (left) and his widow Graca Machel (far right) take their seats in the stadium

 Mourning: Mr Mandela's former wife Winnie Mandela Madikizela (centre), who famously greeted her husband as he left prison, arrives at the ceremony 
 Respect: Nelson Mandela is shown on a giant screen inside the stadium as thousands of South Africans and global dignitaries file into the ground
 A man waves a South African flag: South Africans have been praised for the 'dignified' way in which they have commemorated Mr Mandela's death
Umbrella weather: The ceremony started an hour late in the pouring rain to allow dignitaries and members of the public to file in to the arena
 Who's who of world leaders: VIPs and dignitaries watch from the tribune as rain lashes down during the memorial service
Paying tribute: World leaders converged on the FNB Stadium in Soweto, the Johannesburg township that was a stronghold of support for the anti-apartheid struggle that Mandela embodied
Successor: Jacob Zuma, the current president of South Africa, is giving the keynote speech during the ceremony
 Ally: FW de Klerk, who was awarded the Nobel Prize along with Mandela for his role in ending apartheid, arrives with his wife Elita
 The highest spots: Spectators gather ahead of the Tuesday memorial ceremony
 Colourful: A woman dressed in the regalia of the South African national rugby team arriving at the stadium

Close ties: Supermodel Naomi Campbell, who Mr Mandela described as his 'honorary granddaughter', enters the FNB stadium ahead of the service
Controversial: Reviled Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe is questioned by reporters as he makes his way into the stadium
 
 Representatives: David Cameron and Nick Clegg were attending the ceremony along with three former Prime Ministers of Britain
 Arrival: Mr Cameron, Mr Clegg and John Major walking in to the FNB Stadium this morning
Touching down: President Obama and First Lady Michelle looked collected and sombre after coming off the 17-hour flight on Air Force One
Welcoming committee: President Obama and Michelle (who is covered by an umbrella) are greeted Tuesday morning on the tarmac in Johannesburg by International Relations Minister Maite Nkoane-Mashabane (center)
Former President George W. Bush and his wife Laura are seen coming off of Air Force One after the Obamas as the two couples shared the plane with former Secretary of State and first lady Hillary Clinton
Lines of succession: Obama led the Americans, followed by Michelle, then former President George Bush, Laura Bush, and Hillary Clinton seen just slightly at the end
Celebration: A mourner wearing a wig in the South African national colours arrives at the stadium

 Dance: Many of those inside the stadium were dancing to celebrate the life of the former leader
 Tribute: Many of those attending the memorial were decked out in national flags and wearing celebratory clothin
 Stars: U2 singer Bono and South African actress Charlize Theron talking in the crowd at the ceremony
 
 Dignitaries: Sir John Major and Tony Blair were two of the former Prime Ministers of the UK to attend in honour of Mandela
Support: Gordon Brown, who paid tribute to Mandela in the Commons yesterday, at the ceremony with his wife Sarah
  Jovial: Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan (left) and retired Anglican Archbishop Desmond Tutu appear in good spirits as they arrive for the service
Sense of humour: Former President of Ireland Mary Robinson (left) chats with Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu arrive inside the FNB stadium
Embraced: Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair (left) is greeted after arriving for the memorial service in Johannesburg
 
Successor: Former South African President Thabo Mbeki (left) is welcomed as he arrives at the FNB Stadium before heading inside the venue with his wife Zanele (right)
Audience: Italian prime minister Enrico Letta (above left), French ex-president Nicolas Sarkozy (below left) and his successor Francois Hollande (below right
Passion: The huge number of mourners at the ceremony is testimony to the impact Mandela made on his country
Carnival atmosphere: Even before the start of the service thousands had gathered to celebrate the life of the former president
Drizzle: But mourners were not deterred by the rain in Johannesburg as they arrived at the stadium
 Hero: Mandela's death has united South Africa in mourning for the past five da
Father of the country: Many, like this little boy, refer to the former president using his tribal name, Madiba
 Springboks: South Africa's rugby captain Jean de Villiers and his predecessor Francois Pienaar were among the mourners
United: When Mandela handed the rugby world cup to Pienaar it was considered a landslide moment in the post-apartheid era
 Image: Supporters bore newspapers with Mandela on the front page as they filed in to the service
Politics: A supporter waves the flag of the African National Congress, the liberation movement which became Mandela's political party
 Banner: Supporters carrying a large sign which paid tribute to Mandela's lasting legacy in South Africa and the rest of the world
Queues: Members of the public clutching umbrellas to protect against the rain file in to the stadium in Soweto
Getting ready: Crowds have been piling up around the First National Bank stadium where Mandela's memorial service will be held on Tuesday
Filling the seats: The stadium, dubbed 'Soccer City', holds 90,000 but there have been overflow areas planned in advance
Paternal: Mandela was often known at 'Tata', or 'Father', by South Africans grateful for his legacy
Festive: Men singing in the queue for the ceremony at South Africa's largest football stadium
Ready to celebrate: It has been five days since the 95-year-old former President died
Prepared: People filled the stadium on Tuesday hours before the dignitaries arrived
Downpout: The rain did not deter the good-natured crowds and provided a business opportunity for entrepreneurial bystanders
His final appearance: It was in 'Soccer City' in 2010 where former President Mandela was last seen publicly before he stopped going to large events due to his ailing health
Inspiration: 14-year-old Thomas looks out across the arena as the crowds start to file in for the memorial service
Programme: The events were scheduled to include talks by world leaders as well as tributes from Mandela's family
Outside: A mourner holding a South African flag on the outskirts of the FNB Stadium this morning
Homestead: A woman in Mandela's village of Qunu stokes a fire as his memorial service plays on TV behind her
Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace Mugabe (centre) arrive in Pretoria ahead of the memorial
Equatorial Guinea's president Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (left) and Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta (right) also arrived in South Africa on Monday night
Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain (centre) is also on the guestlist for the prestigious memorial
Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni (left) and Malawi's President Joyce Banda (right) arrive at Waterkloof Air Force Base in Pretoria
Not attending: Russia's president Vladimir Putin today signed a book of condolence for Mandela's death at the South African embassy in Moscow


An unprecedented gathering of world leaders has come together in Johannesburg to pay tribute to Nelson Mandela at a memorial service for the former president of South Africa, five days after he died at the age of 95.
The ceremony at the FNB Stadium, the country's largest arena, started an hour late in the pouring rain after dignitaries and members of the public were filing in to the premises for hours.
Cyril Ramaphosa, the deputy president of the ruling ANC party who opened the proceedings, said: 'In our tradition, when it rains when you are buried, your gods are welcoming you to heaven.'
Barack Obama arrived almost an hour after the ceremony started, but was greeted with rapturous applause by the crowd - in stark contrast to South African president Jacob Zuma, was loudly booed whenever he appeared on the stadium's big screen.

He was given a prominent role in the memorial service for the former South African president - and made history by shaking hands with Raul Castro of Cuba, a sworn enemy of America, when he walked up to the podium to deliver an address.
Among the other international dignitaries to attend the event are several current and former British leaders, including David Cameron, Nick Clegg, Gordon Brown, Tony Blair and John Major.
The memorial will feature tributes by some of the anti-Apartheid icon's family and a speech from United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
The event at the 95,000-capacity FNB Stadium in Soweto began with a rendition of South Africa's national anthem - the only music in the order of service.
Mr Ramaphosa told the crowd during his opening address: 'We wish to applaud the people of South Africa for the dignified manner in which they have honoured and remembered the memory of Nelson Mandela since he passed away. We applaud you and thank you for it.'
After interfaith prayers, the service then heard from Andrew Mlangeni, a former prisoner on Robben Island with Mr Mandela, who spoke of the 'outpouring of love' following his death.
'Madiba is looking down on us. There is no doubt he is smiling and he watches his beloved country, men and women, unite to celebrate his life and legacy,' he said.
Tributes were also made by General Thanduxolo Mandela, and 'Madiba's' grandchildren Mbuso Mandela, Andile Mandela, Zozuko Dlamini and Phumla Mandela.
Crowds started pouring in from early in the morning, undeterred by persistent rain, and in the build-up to the ceremony mourners screamed in celebration whenever members of Mandela's family appeared on the big screen.
The rain, seen as a 'blessing' among South Africa's majority black population, enthused the crowd.
'In our culture the rain is a blessing,' said Harry Tshabalala, a government driver. 'Only great, great people are memorialised with it. Rain is life. This is perfect weather for us on this occasion.'
When Mr Ramaphosa introduced the assembled dignitaries at the start of the service, nearly all were welcomed by cheers - except current president Jacob Zuma, whose name was met by loud booing.
Those attended seemed to be in celebratory spirits, but the rain meant that most of the uncovered lower section of the stadium was left empty.
President Obama and Raul Castro are two of the world leaders who have been asked to give speeches - in spite of the animosity between them - but the focus of the day will remain on the work of Mr Mandela.
Chinese Vice President Li Yuanchao, Brazilian president Dilma Roussef, Namibian president Hifikepunye Pohamba and Indian president Pranab Mukherjee will also make speeches before a keynote address by South Africa's President Jacob Zuma and a sermon by Bishop Ivan Abrahams.
Almost 100 foreign heads of state are expected at the memorial, which is poised to be one of the largest such gatherings in generations.
Among the mourners pictured arriving at the ceremony were former UN secretary general Kofi Annan, ex-U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Desmond Tutu, the Archbishop of Cape Town who was Mandela's ally in bringing apartheid to an end.
However, Israel's president Benjamin Netanyahu has decided not to attend, because the cost of providing security for him would be too great.
A number of African presidents - including the reviled Zimbabwean leader Robert Mugabe - have already been pictured arriving in South Africa ahead of Mr Obama and Mr Bush, who traveled together alongside their wives and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on board Air Force One.
David Cameron paid tribute to the spirit of forgiveness shown by the anti-apartheid hero as he arrived for the service.
The British prime minister said Mr Mandela set an example to politicians across the world, not only in the 'incredible stand he took' but in the way he treated people once he was released from prison.
He highlighted the moment Mr Mandela appeared with captain of the Springboks Francois Pienaar at the Rugby World Cup final in South Africa in 1995.
Mr Cameron told BBC Breakfast: 'I will never forget the sight of him with the captain of the Springboks out in the middle of that rugby pitch, that moment is seared in all our memories.
'And the way that he had treated people who had done such harm to people.
'I think it was the forgiveness that set an example that so few politicians are able to follow. I think those sort of lessons are what we need to learn and take away with us.'
Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg and leader of the Opposition Ed Miliband are also set to attend the memorial service.
Asked about his decision to wear a black tie, Mr Cameron said: 'We were told that it was appropriate to wear a black tie but when you come and you hear this great noise and great atmosphere of celebration, it's clear that people here in South Africa want to, yes, say goodbye to this great man, yes, commemorate what he did, but also celebrate his life and celebrate his legacy and I think that's right.'
The presence of Sir John Major, Tony Blair and Gordon Brown with Mr Cameron reflects the deep respect in which Mr Mandela is held within British politics.
The Prime Minister and Mr Brown were among MPs who paid tribute to Mr Mandela in a special Commons session yesterday following the Nobel peace prize-winner's death.
Mr Brown added his tribute to 'the man that taught us no injustice can last forever'.
He said: 'Nelson Mandela, the greatest man of his generation, yes, but across generations, one of the most courageous people you could ever hope to meet.'
Before today's ceremony, the former Prime Minister added: 'His life was just an extraordinary journey, from beginning to end, with such an effect, both on his own country, and on the rest of the world.
'So, enjoy today, enjoy and celebrate what he achieved. We may not see his like again.'
Meanwhile, ordinary South Africans today paid tribute to the powerful influence Mr Mandela had on their lives.
Matlhogonolo Mothoagae, a postgraduate marketing student who arrived hours before the stadium gates opened, said: 'I would not have the life I have today if it was not for him. He was jailed so we could have our freedom.'
Rohan Laird, the 54-year-old CEO of a health insurance company, said he grew up during white rule in a 'privileged position' as a white South African and that Mandela helped whites work through a burden of guilt.
'His reconciliation allowed whites to be released themselves,' Lair said. 'I honestly don't think the world will see another leader like Nelson Mandela.'
People blew on vuvuzelas, the plastic horn that was widely used during the World Cup soccer tournament in 2010, and sang songs from the era of the anti-apartheid struggle decades ago.
'It is a moment of sadness celebrated by song and dance, which is what we South Africans do,' said Xolisa Madywabe, CEO of a South African investment firm.
The 95,000-capacity soccer venue was also the spot where Mandela made his last public appearance at the closing ceremony of the World Cup. After the memorial, his body will lie in state for three days at the Union Buildings in Pretoria, once the seat of white power, before burial on Sunday in his rural childhood village of Qunu in Eastern Cape Province.
Police promised tight security, locking down roads for miles around the stadium. However, the first crowds entered the stadium without being searched.
John Allen, a 48-year-old pastor from the U.S. state of Arkansas, said he once met Mandela at a shopping center in South Africa with his sons.
'He joked with my youngest and asked if he had voted for Bill Clinton,' Allen said. 'He just zeroed in on my eight-year-old for the three to five minutes we talked.'
There have been numerous comparisons between Mr Obama and Mr Mandela and a certain number of them are inevitable - as they were both the first black presidents of their respective countries and living symbols of struggles to overcome deep-seated racial tensions.
Adding to that, both were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

But as Obama prepares to honor Mandela , people close to the U.S. president say he is wary of drawing close comparisons between his own rapid rise through America's political ranks and Mandela's 27 years in prison fighting against a repressive government.
Rather than view himself as a counterpart to Mandela, Obama has said he sees himself as one of the countless millions who drew inspiration from Mandela's life.
'Like so many around the globe, I cannot fully imagine my own life without the example that Nelson Mandela set, and so long as I live, I will do what I can to learn from him,' Obama said after Mandela died last week at the age of 95.
In the days following Mandela's death, Obama began crafting the 20-minute speech he will deliver during Tuesday's service in Johannesburg, where tens of thousands of South Africans and dozens of foreign dignitaries are expected to pack a sports stadium.
Obama is expected to speak of Mandela's influence on South Africa and on his own life, while also reflecting on the complexity of Mandela's rise from anti-apartheid fighter and prisoner to president and global icon.
Air Force One touched down at a military base near Johannesburg on Tuesday morning.

Former President George H.W. Bush, the only other living U.S. president, will not attend because the 89-year-old is no longer able to travel long distances, his spokesman Jim McGrath said.
Also traveling with Obama were national security adviser Susan Rice and Attorney General Eric Holder.
For Obama, who was too young to be active in the American civil rights movement, it was Mandela's struggle against apartheid that first drew him into politics.
He studied Mandela's speeches and writings while studying at Occidental College from 1979-81 and became active in campus protests against the apartheid government.
'My very first political action, the first thing I ever did that involved an issue or a policy or politics, was a protest against apartheid,' Obama said last week.
'The day that (Mandela) was released from prison gave me a sense of what human beings can do when they're guided by their hopes and not by their fears.'
By the time Obama became president, Mandela had retired from public life. But they did have one in-person meeting, a hastily arranged 2005 encounter while Mandela was visiting Washington.
The South African leader had been encouraged to meet a young black U.S. senator who was a rising star in American politics and invited Obama to visit him at his hotel.
A single photo from the meeting shows the two men smiling and shaking hands, with Obama standing and Mandela sitting, his legs stretched out in front of him.
The photo hangs in Obama's personal office at the White House, as well as in Mandela's office in Johannesburg.
Obama and Mandela had sporadic contact after that meeting, including a congratulatory phone call from Mandela after Obama's 2008 election and a condolences call from the U.S. president after the South African's granddaughter was killed in a 2010 car accident.
In 2011, Mrs Obama and her two daughters held a private meeting with Mandela during a visit to South Africa but the elderly leader was hospitalized and too sick to meet with Obama when he traveled there earlier this year.
Mandela's ailing health cast a shadow over that trip, heightening the emotion when Obama and his family visited the Robben Island prison where Mandela spent 18 of his 27 years in prison.
Obama also met with members of Mandela's family during his July visit and the White House said he hopes to spend time with them again on Tuesday.


President Obama shook hands with Cuban President Raul Castro today, an unprecedented gesture of friendship which occurred fittingly at the memorial service for Nelson Mandela.
The handshake between the leaders of the two Cold War enemies came during a ceremony focused on the former South African President's powerful legacy of reconciliation.
Obama greeted a line of world leaders and heads of state attending the memorial in Johannesburg after flying to South Africa with a U.S. delegation which included former presidents Bill Clinton, George W Bush and Jimmy Carter along with their families.
Obama also shook hands with Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, who has clashed with the U.S. President over alleged National Security Agency spying.
The U.S. and Cuba have recently taken small steps toward rapprochement, raising hopes the two nations could be on the verge of a breakthrough in relations.
But skeptics caution that the two countries have shown signs of a thaw in the past, only to fall back into old recriminations.
Obama arrived an hour late to the memorial service on Tuesday after missing the opening speeches when his motorcade got stuck in traffic. The President was greeted with a rapturous ovation when he arrived at the FNB Stadium to pay tribute to the former South African leader.
Obama described Mr Mandela as the 'last great liberator of the 20th century' and compared him to Ghandi and Martin Luther King in a powerful address to the crowds.
Mr Obama opened his speech by thanking Mandela's family, then continued: 'To the people of South Africa - people of every race and walk of life - the world thanks you for sharing Nelson Mandela with us.
'Your dignity and hope found expression in his life, and your freedom, your democracy is his cherished legacy. '
President Obama led an American delegation of former presidents and their families including George W Bush, his wife Laura, Bill and Hillary Clinton and their daughter Chelsea and Jimmy Carter.
Barack Obama paid an emotional tribute to Mandela, calling the South African leader a 'giant of history', as he spoke at the memorial service while thousands listened, standing huddled together under umbrellas in the pouring rain.
Obama said: 'He changed views but he also changed hearts. For the people of South Africa, for the people he inspired around the globe, his passing is rightly a time of mourning and a time to celebrate his life.
But I believe it should also be a period of self-reflection. With honesty, regardless of our station or circumstance, we must ask:  how well have I applied his lessons in my own life? It's a question I ask myself as a man and as a President. We can't allow our progress to cloud the fact that our struggle is not done.
''We will never see the likes of Nelson Mandela again but let me say to young people in South Africa and around the world, you too can make his life work your own.
The U.S. President added: 'After this great liberator is laid to rest; when we have returned to our cities and villages, and rejoined our daily routines, let us search then for his strength - for his largeness of spirit - somewhere inside ourselves. 

'And when the night grows dark, when injustice weighs heavy on our hearts, or our best laid plans seem beyond our reach - think of Madiba, and the words that brought him comfort within the four walls of a cell: It matters not how strait the gate, how charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul.'

ICONIC STADIUM WHERE MANDELA MADE LANDMARK SPEECH IN 1990
The 95,000-capacity football stadium where the memorial is being held is a fitting location to pay tribute to Nelson Mandela.
The First National Bank Stadium, more commonly known as the FNB Stadium, is based in Soweto, the Johannesburg township that was a stronghold of support for the anti-apartheid struggle that Mandela embodied as a prisoner of white rule for 27 years.
It was the place where the iconic leader chose to make his first speech in Johannesburg after his release from prison in 1990.
And it was also the venue where he made his last public appearance at the closing ceremony of the 2010 World Cup.

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